Hispanic Community Health Study / Study of Latinos News
Welcome to the Chicago Field Center!
The Chicago Field Center at the Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, is the home of The Hispanic Community Health Study (HCHS)/Study of Latinos (SOL). HCHS/SOL is the largest health study of Hispanics/Latinos in the United States aimed at increasing our knowledge and understanding about cardiovascular diseases, lifestyles practices and other chronic related conditions. The HCHS/SOL has four Field Centers located in Miami, New York City (Bronx), Chicago and San Diego. A total of 16,000 participants have been recruited in the four cities representing diverse Hispanic/Latino groups such as Mexican/Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Dominicans, and Central and South Americans.
Chicago was chosen as a site, as the city of Chicago has the third largest number of Hispanics/Latinos in the United States. Hispanics/Latinos have settled in this city for more than 80 years. Today, Latinos represent 28.9% of the total city of Chicago population of 2.6 million. Of the total Chicago Hispanic/Latino population of 778,886, Mexicans/Mexican Americans represents 74.2%, Puerto Ricans 13.2% and Cubans 1.0%. Persons born or descended from those born in Central or South American countries represent 4.0% and 4.1%, respectively. Persons, who identified themselves of other Hispanic/Latino nationalities or origins, represented 3.0%
In June 2011, the HCHS/SOL Chicago Field Center finished the first phase of the study with the recruitment of over 4,000 Hispanics/Latinos living in selected Chicago northwest communities. Individuals who identified him or herself as Hispanic or Latino and who were between 18 to 74 years of age were randomly selected to participate in this study. The first phase of the study consisted of comprehensive health interviews and physical/clinical examinations.
The HCHS/SOL participants enrolled in the study live primarily in one of the following target communities in Chicago.
Currently, The Chicago Field Center is conducting annual follow-up activities to Latinos participating in the HCHS/SOL 6-year study. The follow up consists of interviews on the phone or at participant’s home. Study participants are asked to provide information about any health problems during the year including those problems that led to the use of the Hospital Emergency Room or to hospitalization.
HCHS/SOL is also conducting a series of new studies known as Ancillary Studies where some SOL study participants also have the opportunity to participate. Some of the Ancillary Studies are in the areas of: nutrition (the SOL Nutritional Assessment Study (SOLNAS); heart disease (ECHO-SOL study); sleep (Sueño study) and on youth (the SOL-Youth study).
1 US Bureau of the Census. American FactFinder. Hispanic or Latino by type 2010. 2010 Census Summary File 1